This program supports ongoing programs of research with long-term goals rather than a single short-term project or collection of projects. These grants recognize the creativity and innovation that are at the heart of all research advances. These grants provide long term operating funds, but are not meant to support the full costs of a research program. Applicants are encouraged to increase the inclusion and advancement of women and other under-represented groups in the natural sciences and engineering, as one means to enhance excellence in research and training. Discovery Grants are awarded to individual researchers, normally for five years.